Orthodontic treats bite problems and corrects the positioning of teeth. In a proper bite, cusps on upper jaw line up with Fossa on lower jaw sometimes the jaws and teeth are too far forward or too far back. When upper teeth are ahead of lower teeth it is called an overjet. When lower teeth in front of upper teeth it is called an anterior cross bite. An ideal bite has slight overjet in a proper bite, the upper jaw is slightly wider than the lower jaw. When the upper arch is too narrow, it is called a posterior cross bite. When teeth don’t overlap properly, it also leads to bite problems. In a proper bite, upper front teeth should slightly overlap the lower teeth. When there is insufficient vertical overlap, the bite is called an open bite. When there is too much vertical overlap, the bite is called a deep bite. In addition to bite problems, there are problem with the positioning of teeth. Problems can occur when individual teeth are misaligned crowded teeth means that teeth are not aligned in a proper arch shape. Spaced teeth means that gaps form between teeth. A missing tooth can cause neighboring teeth to drift into the space having rotated teeth can prevent teeth from being properly aligned. Ideal alignment enables proper dental function and esthetics.
- Ideal Alignment and Occlusion (Orthodontic Problem) Ideal tooth positioning enables proper dental function and esthetics. Teeth should bite together properly. This is called occlusion points of teeth in lower jaw meet depressions of teeth in upper jaw in proper occlusion. Ideal alignment and occlusion benefit the health and function of teeth.
- Overjet (Orthodontic Problem)
Overjet is when the upper teeth are ahead of the lower teeth by more than 1 MM. Ideal bite has a slight overjet of 1MM.
- Anterior Cross bite (Orthodontic Problem)
Anterior crossbite is when upper, front teeth are inside lower teeth. Left uncorrected, the anterior crossbite can cause teeth to wear down. In ideal occlusion, upper teeth are slightly ahead of lower teeth.
- Posterior Cross bite (Orthodontic Problem)
Occlusion describes the way teeth bite together helping you to chew food. Occlusion problem caused by narrow upper arch is called posterior crossbite. In an ideal bite the teeth mesh together properly.
- Open Bite (Orthodontic Problem)
Open bite is when front teeth fail to overlap vertically when teeth bite together. In a proper bite, front teeth overlap by 1-3 MM.
- Deep Bite (Orthodontic Problem)A deep bite has too much vertical overlap. In a proper bite, front teeth overlap by 1-3 MM.
- Crowded Teeth (Orthodontic Problem)
Crowded teeth cause misalignment. Crowding makes teeth difficult to clean therefore prone to decay crowded teeth are not aligned into a proper arch shape. Properly aligned teeth form a U – shaped arch.
- Spaced Teeth (Orthodontic Problem) Spaced teeth create gaps causing teeth to be out of proper alignment and/ Or occlusion. Orthodontic treatment can close spaces producing ideal alignment and occlusion.
- Missing Teeth (Orthodontic Problem)
A missing tooth creates a space in the arch. Teeth drift into the space causing misalignment orthodontic treatment can maintain space for permanent teeth.
- Crowded Eye Teeth (Orthodontic Problem)
Eye teeth are sometimes crowded out of the arch with orthodontic treatment, eye teeth can be – aligned.
- Rotated Teeth (Orthodontic Problem)Rotated teeth prevent teeth from being properly aligned with orthodontic treatment, rotated teeth can be aligned.